Saturday, April 11, 2015

dr ambedkar essay In English And Hindi For Whatsapp Status

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dr.baba saheb ambedkar

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, also known as Babasaheb was born on April 14, 1891. Ambedkar was born in the British founded town and military cantonment of Mhow in the central provinces. He was the 14th and the last child of Ramji Maloji Sakpal and Bhimabai Murbadkar. His family belonged to a Marathi background from the town of Ambavade in the Ratnagiri district of modern day Maharashtra.

His father served in the Indian Army at Mhow cantonment. Ambedkar received a degree of formal education in Marathi and English.

They were from Hindu Mahar Caste, who were treated as untouchables. Though he attended the school but he was given no attention by the teachers. He was not even allowed to sit in the class. Overcoming numerous social and financial obstacles, Ambedkar passed his matriculation examination in 1907 and entered the University of Bombay, becoming one of the first persons of untouchable origin to enter a college in India. He was married to a nine year old girl, Ramabai from Dapoli in 1908.


He entered Elphinstone College and obtained a scholarship of twenty five rupees a month from Gayakward ruler of Baroda, Sahyaji Rao III for higher studies in the U.S.A. By 1912, he obtained his degree in economics and political science and prepared to take up employment with the Baroda state government. In the same year his wife gave birth to her first son, Yashwant.
In 1935, Ambedkar was appointed principal of the Government Law College for two years. He founded the Independent Labour Party in 1936, which won 15 seats in the 1937 elections to the Central Legislative Assembly. He was appointed chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee.
Ambedkar had been suffering from diabetes since 1948.From June to October in 1954, he was bed ridden owing to clinical depression and failing eyesight. He died in his sleep on December 6, 1956 at his home in Delhi. A memorial for Ambedkar was established in his Delhi house at 26 Alipur Road. His birth date is celebrated as a public holiday known as Ambedkar Jayanti. Many public institutions are named in his honor, such as the Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University in Hyderabad, B.R. Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur etc.
On the anniversary of his birth and death and on Dhamma Chakra Pravartan Din, 14th October at Nagpur at least half a million people gather to pay homage to him at his memorial in Mumbai.
He was an Indian nationalist, jurist, dalit, Buddhist, political leader and a Buddhist revivalist. He was also the chief architect of the Indian Constitution. Ambedkar spent his whole life fighting against social discrimination and the Indian caste system.
 His message to his followers was “Educate!!!, Organize!!!, Agitate!!!”
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डा० बी०आर० अंबेडकर

'डा० बी०आर० अंबेडकर' का पूरा नाम डा० भीमराव रामजी अंबेडकर था। डा० अंबेडकर का जन्म 14 अप्रैल, 1891 को मऊ, मध्य प्रदेश, भारत में हुआ था। इनका जन्म एक गरीब अस्पृश्य परिवार मे हुआ था। वे रामजी मालोजी सकपाल एवं भीमाबाई की संतान थे। डा० अंबेडकर को 'बाबा साहेब' के नाम से भी लोकप्रियता प्राप्त हुई।

डा० अंबेडकर एक प्रसिद्द भारतीय विधिवेत्ता थे। उन्होंने अपना सारा जीवन भारतीय समाज में व्याप्त जाति व्यवस्था के विरुद्ध संघर्ष में बिता दिया। डा० अंबेडकर ने भारत के संविधान के निर्माण में महत्वपूर्ण योगदान दिया। उन्हें भारतीय संविधान का जनक भी माना जाता है। वे स्वतंत्र भारत के प्रथम कानून मंत्री बने। बाबा साहेब डा० भीमराव रामजी अंबेडकर को भारत के सर्वोच्च नागरिक सम्मान 'भारत रत्न' से भी सम्मानित किया गया।

डा० अंबेडकर का देहांत 6 दिसंबर, 1956 को 65 वर्ष की उम्र में दिल्ली, भारत में हुआ। उनकी याद में प्रति वर्ष उनके जन्मदिन 14 अप्रैल को 'अंबेडकर जयंती' के रूप में सम्पूर्ण भारत में मनाया जाता है। 20वीं शताब्दी के श्रेष्ठ चिन्तक, ओजस्वी लेखक, यशस्वी वक्ता, स्वतंत्र भारत के प्रथम कानून मंत्री तथा भारतीय संविधान के प्रमुख निर्माणकर्ता के रूप में डा० भीमराव रामजी अंबेडकर का नाम सदैव याद किया जायेगा।

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